Shelterbelts - just rows of trees?
Shelterbelts are so much more than just rows of trees
Shelterbelts have been planted in Saskatchewan for more than a century, since 1901, under the provisions of the Government of Canada’s Prairie Shelterbelt Program (PSP). Shelterbelts provide:
- a means to protect farmyard infrastructure
- reduce soil erosion through tree planting
- serve as wildlife habitat
- improve biodiversity and water quality
- capture and store atmospheric carbon as a direct result of the growth of shelterbelt trees, and
- present an additional opportunity for climate change mitigation
In 2003, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released a document entitled “Good Practice Guidance for Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry”, which details the estimating, measuring, monitoring and reporting of carbon pool changes and greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions under various categories such as cropland, grasslands and forestland. Agroforestry systems, such as shelterbelts, represent a combination of these categories.